The "Exploratory study of characterization for the incidence of migrant children and adolescents and their families in the Antofagasta and Metropolitan regions ” developed by the Justice and Society Studies Center of Institute of Sociology of the Catholic University of Chile, under the impulse of the alliance between Fundación Colunga, UNICEF Y World Vision, aims to explore the characteristics of children and adolescents in immigration status in our country.
The study began in January 2019 and is currently in the process of closing the qualitative phase and the development of the instrument, to begin field work soon. It includes a mirror sample of 1,200 families, migrants and Chileans, to contrast the state of the exercise of their rights and access to health, education and housing services.
“It is an exploratory study that seeks to see the status of children in migration context in Chile to have a look at how the country has received them"Highlights Pablo Carvacho, Deputy Director of Research and Development of the Justice and Society Studies Center UC and Project Coordinator. And it highlights:The migration pattern has changed in recent times, the typical migration was adult and came for work reasons. Due to the social, economic and political context of Latin America, a new population has begun to migrate, which is also composed of children and adolescents. The fact of having a migration pattern that has been changing requires looking at it, seeing what its characteristics are and how the Chilean State is taking charge of receiving them. ”
A consortium for migrant children
The UC Institute of Sociology, Colunga Foundation, UNICEF and World Vision decided to join in the development of this study since migrant children and adolescents are a particularly fragile population, due to their condition of double vulnerability.
“Colunga considers vital importance of studying the state of child immigration in Chile and its conditions - regarding the violation of rights, specific risk factors and access to the social protection system-, so that this information validated from the academic field, serves as a basis for the raising of proposals in the legislative field and of public policies that allow to improve the insertion of migrant children and adolescents in Chile and to protect their rights ”, highlights Paulina Rojas, Director of the Social Development Program of Fundación Colunga.
From UNICEF, they emphasized the challenge of guaranteeing the fulfillment of the rights of migratory children and their families: “Chile has important advances in the protection of all children, regardless of their origin or their immigration status. However, the country faces new and greater challenges to guarantee the fulfillment of the rights of children in migratory situation and their families. We believe that having evidence that allows you to understand your particular needs in greater depth will be a valuable input, ”he says Paula Pacheco, Specialist in Social Policies of the entity.
While, Juan Pablo Venegas, Manager of Public Incidence of World Vision, highlighted the impacts that the momentum of this study can cause in our country: “The first one, to advance with neatness and consistency in generating knowledge and clear proposals for the protection of children's rights. Secondly, address the fundamental change in a timely and rigorous manner that the social, cultural, economic and political relations of the world and of our country are living with the migration incidence. Lastly, the collaboration impact in order to expand the strength of our goals and objectives as organizations and as a society. ”
A study that will make visible the different realities that children and adolescents live that, together with their families, emigrated to Chile for a better future.