Together with the Colunga Network we talked about the recent study launched by UNDP: "Unequal. Origins, changes and challenges of the social gap in Chile "that reveals a comprehensive and updated panorama on socioeconomic inequality in Chile.
In the meeting held in ColungaHUB, attended by directors and executive directors belonging to the Colunga Network, and counted on the presentation of Matías Cociña, principal investigator of the study and coordinator of the inequality agency of the UNDP, and the comments were made by Benito Baranda, President of América Solidaria, and member of the Board of Directors of Fundación Colunga.
"Inequality in Chile has always been relatively high. It is changing face, changing characteristics, but the trend is still flat, "said the researcher of the UNDP, who stressed that" not only income is when thinking about socioeconomic inequality. The three gaps that bother people most are the inequalities related to access to education, to health and that some people are treated with much more respect and dignity than others. "
Benito Baranda stressed, meanwhile, the value of this study when it comes to finding solutions to this problem. "It is the first time that we have a more substantial investigation of inequalities, and it is interesting that this text can also enter the university world, we can begin to investigate more about the origin of inequalities and how to solve them," said the President of America Solidaria.
The activity, organized by the Colunga Foundation, aimed to bring these interesting results to the daily work and reflection of civil society organizations.
The study also offers an analysis of the mechanisms that reproduce inequality in Chile and the transformations that these have experienced in recent decades: a productive structure with very low wages and high employment rotation; strong concentration of income and property; insufficient contribution of taxes, transfers and social security to moderate inequality; an educational system that aspires to equalize opportunities, but does not achieve it; cultural norms that justify or reject inequitable arrangements and overrepresentation of higher income groups in political spaces.
Download here the synthesis of the study.