In 2000 the General Assembly of the United Nations proclaimed the International Migrant Day, by December 18, with the objective of effectively and fully protecting their rights, but also to underline the link between migration and development.
“Migration is a powerful engine of economic growth, dynamism and understanding. It allows millions of people to look for new opportunities, which equally benefits the communities of origin and destination, ”he said. António Guterres, Secretary General of the United Nations.
According to figures from the United Nations, from 2017, and from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) of 2018, the average migrant population, by country, worldwide is 3.4%. While for countries belonging to the OECD of 9.8%.
Situation in Chile
Taking data from the 2017 Casen survey, the Jesuit Migrant Service He compared income poverty between the Chilean population (8.5%) and the migrant population (10.8%), while multidimensional poverty reaches 20.5% for Chileans and 24.6% for migrants.
“The migrant population is not visiting Chile. They work and project here. 40% want to stay forever in Chile. We cannot disregard your worries and expectations ”, He said the National Director of the Jesuit Migrant Service, José Tomás Vicuña about the survey data “Migrant Voices”, Recently published.
The truth is that, during 2017, the migrant population in Chile contributed 386.125 million pesos to the treasury, by way of taxes, immigration procedures and payment of fines. In addition, 81% participate in the labor market.
“Today, when we are faced with a social crisis resulting from the inequalities that exist, we must be able to look at each other and see that the difference is the enrichment of our society. Social demands for example, for a fair salary, is transversal to nationality, we all have the same rights, ”he emphasizes Tomás Lawrence, Executive Director of Interpretative Foundation, who have developed different Projects to support the integration of migrants in Chile. And he concludes: "Today, more than ever, efforts must be made to eradicate discrimination and stigmas that are strongly expressed in social networks, adding migrants in a struggle shared by a more just society for all."
From the Corporación Dolores Sopeña, Igor Arratia, Director of Institutional Projects, emphasizes the instances that facilitate dialogue and interaction for the integration of the migrant population: “Our motivation has been to generate spaces for the birth of a joint, compassionate and integrated reflection. And that, from this interaction, a story is installed that makes it possible to look with greater understanding and openness on the rights of migrants to be an important part of our country. ” As an organization, they also work to transparent all the social assistance services available from the State and provide concrete information on the rights of migrants so that they can be integrated in a friendly and safe way in our country.
Migrating is a human right, which is why it is very important to create more effective integration policies that ensure a decent life. But it is also everyone's job, as a society, to attempt that integration.
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