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From migration to social mobility: Chileans and Chileans gave their perceptions in front of diverse themes

June 12, 2019
Communications Colunga Foundation

The data of the public opinion survey "Chileans and Chileans today: challenging prejudices, making the discussion more complex", carried out by Espacio Público and Ipsos, during the year 2018, were presented to the executive directors of the 49 organizations that make up the community ColungaHUB.

Diálogos Colunga - Espacio Público

The study was developed through the application of face-to-face surveys in homes to 1,003 people over 18 years of age in the main urban centers of Chile (Valparaíso, Viña del Mar, Concepción, Talcahuano and Greater Santiago). The sample obtained was 523 people in Santiago, 240 in Viña del Mar and Valparaíso and 240 in Concepción and Talcahuano. Of the total of the respondents, 51% correspond to men, 49% women and 4% are foreigners.

Migration, social integration, education, health, democracy and social mobility are the themes in which they gave their opinion and whose results were presented by Mauricio Duce, Executive President of Public Space, and commented by Patricio Fernández, Director of the same entity.

Arturo Celedón, Executive Director of the Colunga Foundation, stressed the importance of this body: "This space is for dialogue and reflection on the reality of the country and to see the different challenges we face as a civil society. We want to contribute to the enrichment of your daily work, with access to the research that is happening today. "

Main results

The results of the survey were divided into chapters:

Migration and social integrity (see chapter here)

  • 86% of the people belonging to group C1 consider that immigrants contribute with their culture, while in socioeconomic group D and E this figure reaches 54%.
  • Under what circumstances would the Chilean population accept the arrival of migrants? The most relevant conditions were the availability of sufficient jobs for Chileans and foreigners (31%) and the availability of health services for the care of Chileans and foreigners (25%).
  • The disposition to the social integration in the neighborhoods and the education is quite high in the Chilean population: a 79% of the respondents says that in the neighborhoods of their city it must live diverse people, where people of different social classes coexist, while an 84 % indicates the same in relation to educational establishments.
  • Faced with a fictitious case of school integration, the interviewees said they supported the integration in case the number of teachers increased to guarantee the quality of education (31%) and if measures were taken so that behavioral problems do not appear in the establishment. (24%).

"For Public Space is central to support the development of quality public policies and an essential component for any public policy of quality is to be based on evidence. A significant part of that evidence is how the people who receive public policies, how they live and the conditions under which they are willing to support it. Our contribution with a survey of this kind is to contribute with a grain of sand so that the country can move forward with quality public policies, "he reflected. Mauricio Duce, Executive President of Public Space.

Education and health (see chapter here)

  • Regarding concerns related to education, the possible use of drugs and alcohol at school is the most relevant concern on the part of 60% of Chileans, followed by the bullying (54%).
  • When asked if the quality of the education they have accessed, the perception has improved in the last five years: 51% of Chileans consider that they do.
  • 63% would feel nothing protected or unprotected by their health system in the face of an accident or serious illness, and 20% feel protected or very protected.
  • Proportionally women (66%) feel less protected than men (60%), and the group of people over 61 feel more protected (32%) than the rest of the age groups.
  • In the same way, the socioeconomic group C1 feels more protected (32%) than the rest of the groups, with a particularly high feeling of lack of protection in the C3 group (71%).
  • Those who feel most unprotected by their health system, are women of lower socioeconomic conditions and who do not live in the capital.

"The origin of our survey was to know what people think, what their real concerns are, beyond the political paraphernalia that seeks easy slogans rather than deep reflections on how our society should continue to grow," he said. Patricio Fernández, Director of Public Space.

Democracy and social mobility (see chapter here)

  • In this chapter, the entire sample was asked about the likelihood of changing their vote if it were discovered that their presidential candidate is involved in a corruption case. This year 73% said it would be likely or very likely that their vote would change.
  • Regarding the forms of social and political participation, there is a notable decrease compared to 2017. Of all the participation options offered to the respondents, in 2018 36% selected the option None.
  • About their current economic self-perception, it is observed that 56% of respondents are classified at a medium level, while, in the perception of the economic position of their parents at birth, 21% declare that they were in extreme poverty , and 26% in the middle level.
  • 77% of those who currently classify themselves in the lower class classify their parents in the same situation, showing that in this group great social mobility is not perceived.
  • Regarding expectations, we asked about the possibility of changing your home, neighborhood, commune or city where you live if your economic situation improved and you were able to do so. It is observed that 27% would not change housing and 26% would change city.

Figures that give us a broad panorama of the concerns and needs of the Chilean and migrant population, and that will undoubtedly support the challenges of civil society.

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