The public and autonomous institution, responsible for the dissemination, promotion and protection of the rights of all children and adolescents in Chile, public the results of its first year of operation.
"What we want in the public account is to provide information to citizens and particularly children and adolescents about what has been implied by the challenge of this institution to be able to take actions in direct protection of children," said the Ombudsman Childhood, Patricia Muñoz.
As of June 2019, the Ombudsman's Office filed 10 complaints in cases of serious violations of the rights of children and adolescents; two protection resources, one for the environmental case of the Quintero and Puchuncaví areas, and the second in favor of the girls and adolescents of the student community of Liceo n ° 1 de Niñas; four amicus curiae mainly in matters of international kidnapping and migration.
Of the ten complaints, six of them were filed for crimes involving the death of children where the principal investigator is the mother, father and / or caregiver responsible for the victim, that is, all adults who would compose their circle of care and protection. Of the other four, one corresponds to a frustrated parricide and the other to a homicide by omission. The other two complaints are linked to the so-called “Catrillanca Case” for the crimes of torture and frustrated homicide.
Situation of children and adolescents
In the report, they also highlighted some data on the situation of children in Chile, based on the 2017 Casen survey and other reports such as the National Polivictimization Survey on children and adolescents 2017:
-67% of children and adolescents have suffered at least one situation of indirect victimization, the last year, regarding exposure to violence in their community. This percentage increases to 82% if you consider your entire life.
-The 2.5% of children and adolescents in the country between 5 and 17 years old do not currently attend or have never attended formal education, this percentage increases to 46.5% for children and adolescents between 0 and 4 years.
-The 2.5% of children from 0 to 5 years did not have medical assistance in the event of a health problem, illness or accident, this percentage corresponds to 3.8% for children and adolescents from 6 to 13 years and 5.2% for adolescents aged 14 to 17 years.
The short-term challenges include: completing its implementation at the national level, achieving greater autonomy in budgetary financial management, feedback on strategic planning, improving aspects of operational management, building alliances with relevant actors and developing high-impact communication actions.
Regarding recommendations, for example, at Ministry of Education You are asked for a “Design of a specific program with a rights and specialized and integral approach, for re-entering the School System”. While for him National Minors Service (Sename), “Execute infrastructure improvement actions, sponsorship protocols, compliance with art. 76 of Law No. 19,968, supervise and train technical teams ”.
You can see the full report here.
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