This Wednesday ComunidadMujer presented its latest research, the second edition of the GET Report, entitled "Gender, Education and Work: Progress, Contrast and Challenges of Three Generations".
This is an unpublished report in Chile that looks at the life trajectories of men and women for a series of variables linked to education and work. The result is a new look at the way in which the life trajectories of men and women develop according to the generation to which they belong and the age they have.
Through the processing of hundreds of data, the GET 2018 Report focuses on the reality of women and men of three generations, categorized in the study as that of "grandmothers and grandfathers" (born between 1940 and 1944); of "mothers and fathers" (1960-1964); and of the "granddaughters and grandchildren" (1980-1984).
Twenty years separate each generation from the next, which accounts for the social, legal and cultural evolution that gender construction has had in our country. The study reviews the experience of these three generations in four areas: education, inactivity, labor participation and income and pensions. Encouraging advances were identified in recent decades, but also important challenges.
Main findings of GET Report 2018: Women's lives change from one generation to another; the one of the men no.
In education, this is reflected in the fact that the increase in the average number of years of schooling recorded in the last decades was much more marked in women, particularly among the youngest. The "granddaughters" are not only more inserted into the educational system than their "mothers" and "grandmothers", but also constitute the only generation (along with their male contemporaries) that exceeds the average 12 years of schooling.
On the other hand, the GET 2018 Report shows that while the level of education of men does not influence much in their labor participation, for women it is a determining factor. Those with more education have considerably higher salaries and participate twice as many as those less educated in the labor market.
In as much, the participation of the men has not changed substantially between a generation and another one, the jump of the women has been gigantic. The "granddaughters" are the first generation with figures that exceed 45% in all age ranges and between 31 and 35 years reach 70%, that is 30 percentage points more than the generation of their "mothers" in that same age section.
"The most striking aspect of this GET Report is precisely that, although the lives of women and men are interdependent, while one half has been profoundly modified, the other does not show any major changes. The lives of grandparents, parents and grandchildren do not differ much. Women entered massively into the workplace, but men did not fill with the same enthusiasm the domestic space that was opened, "said Mercedes Ducci, president of ComunidadMujer.
Salary gap and co-responsibility, outstanding debt:
GET 2018 shows that, from generation to generation, the wage gap is smaller. However, it also confirms what the previous one said, that is to say, that the wage gap that punishes women increases between the beginning of their active life and the moment they turn 50, although it is reduced between 50 and 60 years. In turn, the more education women have, the greater the wage gap.
Alejandra Sepúlveda, Executive Director of ComunidadMujer, said: "The GET 2018 Report identifies the most relevant barrier to access and permanence in paid work: care. Thus, without greater nuances, grandmothers, mothers and granddaughters recognize in the upbringing and chores of the house the main reason for not entering the labor market ".
ComunidadMujer is an independent, transversal organization and an expert reference in gender issues, which promotes women's rights and contributes to the debate, discussion and generation of public policies for greater equality and equity between men and women in our country. He is currently a member of the ColungaHUB community.
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